14 May 2018
Summary and Synthesis Report #3
In the eleventh chapter of What Writing Does and How It Does It, Charles Bazerman talks about how concepts such as social facts, speech acts, genres, genre systems, and activity systems have contributions to text. He says, “these concepts suggest how people using text create new realities of meaning, relation, and knowledge” (Bazerman 309). In other words, text plays a huge role because it influences how people speak to each other. The various concepts are connected because “social facts, speech acts, and genres fit together as genre sets within genre systems, which are part of systems of human activity” (Bazerman 311). Comprehending these concepts can help people be critical readers and be aware of how texts work.
In the first chapter of Feminism and Affect at the Scene of Argument: Beyond the Trope of the Angry Feminist by Barbara Tomlinson, she talks about the misconceptions that people have about feminism. Feminists are perceived to be angry and man-hating due to their beliefs. Tomlinson introduces feminist socioforensic discursive analysis, which “seeks to reshape how we construe, critique, and transcend the always already gendered nature of public and scholarly texts, their interpretation, their disaggregation, and the consequences of their framing as “objective” or “subjective,” “scientific” or “political” (Tomlinson 18). It is created to counter tropes like the angry feminists. Tomlinson’s work about feminism and feminist socioforensic discursive analysis connects to the eleventh chapter of What Writing Does and How It Does It by Bazerman because they both deal with interpretations of texts. Bazerman speaks about the different concepts contributing to text while Tomlinson talks about reshaping the text so people will not be confused about the true definition of feminism.
In the first chapter of Feminist Research in Theory and Practice, Gayle Letherby also talks about the misunderstandings people have about feminism. Very similar to Barbara Tomlinson’s Feminism and Affect at the Scene of Argument: Beyond the Trope of the Angry Feminist, Letherby discusses feminism and the typical tropes feminists tend to have. She expresses her disappointment when she says, “many women today are still afraid of being stereotyped as bra-burning, man-hating lesbians and are not aware of, or feel unable to acknowledge the impact of, feminism on their lives” (Letherby 34). It is depressing to witness many women not admitting that feminism is a good thing without being labeled as angry or man-hating. Letherby’s work about feminism connects to the eleventh chapter of What Writing Does and How It Does It because they both speak about the interpretation of text and language. Letherby states, “language reflects the centrality of power and authority and that we need to study how particular groups are able to control specific institutions which are able to construct dominant frameworks of meaning, and consider how and why meanings are constructed into theory, into truth” (Letherby 34). This statement mostly refers to feminism and how some people do not know what it truly represents. People assume feminists hate men but in reality, they only want equality. Of course, feminism has many categories and it gets more complicated than just wanting equality but believing it is about hating men is incorrect.
In the seventh chapter of What Writing Does and How It Does It, Paul Prior talks about texts and how they come into being. “Texts come from – in terms of their authorship and social contexts as well as their content and textual organization – by careful tracing of their histories” (Prior 196-197). It is important to fully understand the text and recognize its origin. Prior’s work connects to Bazerman’s chapter later in the book because they deal with text. In the seventh chapter, Prior speaks about text and tracing the writing process. Meanwhile, Bazerman talks about different concepts like social facts, speech acts, genres, genre systems, and activity systems and how they contribute to the interpretation of texts in the last chapter of What Writing Does and How It Does It. Both men explain in great details about the importance of texts because they have huge influences on how people speak and understand them.
- There are people who do not know the truth about feminism and think it is about hating men. Can you think of a belief that most people think incorrectly about?
- Most people assume feminism is about dominating over men but it is about equality for both sexes. Have you ever explained the true definition of feminism to someone before? If so, did they understand it? How did it go?
- People interpret text differently. Have you ever encountered a text that you have different opinions on than other people?
Word Count: 889
Bazerman, Charles. “Speech Acts, Genres, and Activity Systems: How Texts Organize Activity and People.” Bazerman, Charles, and Paul Prior, editors. What Writing Does and How It Does It: An Introduction to Analyzing Texts and Textual Practices. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004.
Letherby, Gayle. “Feminist Research in Theory and Practice.” 2003. PDF File.
Prior, Paul. “How Texts Come into Being.” Bazerman, Charles, and Paul Prior, editors. What Writing Does and How It Does It: An Introduction to Analyzing Texts and Textual Practices. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004.
Tomlinson, Barbara. “Feminism and Affect at the Scene of Argument: Beyond the Trope of the Angry Feminist.” 2010. PDF File.